The greatest expense you will incur when you do-it-yourself driveway, walkway or patio project is from the brick pavers. Brick pavers come in numerous styles and sizes and typically cost between $.50 and $1.25 per brick, depending on where you purchase them. Next, to the total cost of the brick, the cost of the mortar, the edging, the sand and the gravel is comparatively small.
Step 1: Determine the Square Footage of Work Area
Find out how much square footage you have to cover. Some pavers may measure 3″ by 5″, but don’t count on it. With bricks, especially, much of their charm has to do with the pattern they create. With your tape, measure the width and length of the space to be covered. With odd shapes such as curved areas, the square footage estimation may be rough without resorting to some complex equations. Triangular areas are easy enough. Measure the base and the height of the triangle. No matter the shape of the triangle, those lines will be perpendicular to one another. Multiply them to get the area.
Step 2: Decide Which Size Brick Paver You Will Use
Brick pavers come in numerous sizes. For simplicity’s sake, assume you will use the 1 7/8 x5 inch mortarless paver. The depth is unimportant for this calculation. The length and width and whether you use mortar will affect the price per square foot.
Step 3: Sketch the Pattern
Assuming you will lay out the mortarless bricks in a basket weave pattern consisting of alternating pairs of horizontally-placed and vertically-placed pavers, you have to fit that pattern into your work area. The pairs will be placed side by side width-wise. One pair of each side by side is a total of 8 inches up and down by 16 inches across.
Step 4: Calculate Number of Bricks per Row
Length multiplied by width, that is your total square feet. 12 inches to a foot, 6×12=72 total inches wide. 30×12=360 total inches in length. One set of pairs (2 vertical bricks next to 2 horizontal bricks) equals 16 inches wide, which allows you to place 4 full sets of 4 bricks each across with 8 inches to spare. You can finish off one row with either a vertical or a horizontal pair that perfectly fills that 8-inch space. Thus, one row requires 18 bricks.
Step 5: Calculate Bricks per Column
Knowing there is a length of 360 inches and that a set of pairs lengthwise is also 16 inches, you can fit 22 full sets in one column with 8 inches left over. With 4 bricks per set plus 2 additional bricks, that equals 90 bricks per column.
18 bricks per row multiplied by 45 (22.5, the number of sets of 4 bricks, multiplied by 2 because each row is only 2 bricks wide) rows equals 810 total bricks. Assuming you’ve decided to use the paver that costs $.50 each, that makes a total of $405 for the pavers. Divide that number by the total square footage, 180, and you get $2.25 per square foot.
Your calculations will get more complex if you’re placing mortar in the joints or if there are odd shapes to factor in. This estimation, however simplistic, breaks down the steps similar to your custom project. The variables are the number of bricks per row and column, the price per brick and the total square footage.
Brick in construction plays a vital role. Traditionally bricks were made of clay. The history of bricks goes as far as the beginning of time. These blocks of ancient construction were used by the Roman, Egyptian and Indian civilizations. Interestingly, antique bricks and blocks used in construction by them are still intact and hold the architectural marvels.
Considered environmental friendly as a building material, a brick is general a rectangular block made of clay, shale, slate, concrete, calcium silicate or stone. It is manufactured by mixing sand with water and then pressing it into steel molds. These raw bricks are then heated at a high temperature of 1000° C which provides the strength to the bricks. Bricks are great insulators as well. The interesting thing is brick stores the heat of the sun and transfers it in the room for several hours after the sun has set.
No two bricks look alike in the shape, size, and composition. Blocks are mainly made of concrete. Blocks are larger in comparison to bricks. They come in both solid and hollow format. Blocks are used mainly in load-bearing walls where strength is very important.
There are mainly five types of bricks.
Common Burnt Clay Bricks: This is the most common form of brick used in construction. It is made by pressing raw material in steel blocks and then heating them in the kiln. These are used for general construction work and do not have a special attractive appearance.
Concrete Bricks: These bricks are made of concrete. The colored concrete bricks are manufactured by adding color pigments. It is often used in facades and fences.
Sand Lime Bricks (Calcium Silicate Bricks): This type of brick is made by mixing sand, fly ash and lime followed by a chemical process during wet mixing. The color of this brick is gray. The shape is uniform and has a smoother finish.
Engineering Bricks: These bricks are made by heating the raw material at extremely high temperatures. It has limited water absorption thus useful in locations where water damage can be a possibility.
Fly Ash Clay Bricks: These are made by mixing fly ash with clay and then heating the raw material at high temperature. These bricks have to be manufactured with care as they tend to expand if the raw material has impurities.
There are two main types of blocks that are solid and hollow. The hollow blocks are further divided into 8 different types.
Stretcher block: These blocks are used to join the corners of the masonry. These blocks are generally laid down parallel to the face of the wall.
Pillar block: These blocks are used in case of piers and pillars. They are also known as double corner blocks.
Corner block: These blocks are used at the end of the masonry which can be a window or a door.
Jamb block: These blocks are used at the location where there is an elaborated window opening in the wall.
Partition block: These blocks are used in building partition walls. They have a larger height than breadth.
Lintel block: These are used for the purpose of the provision of beam or lintel beam. It bears the load coming from the top of the structure.
Frogged brick block: These blocks have a frog on the top side. It helps to hold the mortar and develop a strong bond with the top laying block.
Bullnose block: These blocks are similar to corner block but with rounded edges.